Openstack创建实例--CLI篇

1、首先source环境变量

每次登陆节点需要操作openstack命令时,都需要source一次环境变量,这样才可以正确的访问相应的用户信息。

[root@cloud ~]#source openrc.sh 

2、生成密钥对

[root@cloud ~]#openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub default

+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

| Field       | Value                                         |

+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

| fingerprint |72:5f:11:c0:6d:0e:1a:d3:b5:58:b6:9e:77:0d:1e:0a |

| name        | default                                       |

| user_id     | 057a81efc7914639ba8e84672dffd4fd               |

+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

3、创建安全组规则

(1)添加允许进方向icmp报文规则

[root@cloud ~]#openstack security group rule create --ingress --ethertype IPv4 --protocol icmp c739ddd6-afda-4a35-b9d4-c2ee2edf6229

+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

| Field            | Value                               |

+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

| created_at        | 2017-06-13T05:42:41Z                |

| description       |                                     |

| direction         | ingress                             |

| ether_type        | IPv4                                |

| id               |98b627a2-6c16-44ec-bdfc-d56b57f28c3a |

| name             | None                                |

| port_range_max    | None                                |

| port_range_min    | None                                |

| project_id        | 4e79773819ff4f779802bceb4e7bf58a     |

| protocol         | icmp                                |

| remote_group_id   | None                                |

| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                           |

| revision_number   | 1                                   |

| security_group_id |c739ddd6-afda-4a35-b9d4-c2ee2edf6229 |

| updated_at        | 2017-06-13T05:42:41Z                |

+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

(2)添加允许出方向icmp报文规则

[root@cloud ~]#openstack security grouprule create --ingress --ethertype IPv4 --protocol icmp c739ddd6-afda-4a35-b9d4-c2ee2edf6229

(3)添加允许所有tcp报文规则

[root@cloud ~]#openstack security group rulecreate --ingress --ethertype IPv4 --protocol tcp --dst-port 1:65535   --remote-ip 0.0.0.0/0 c739ddd6-afda-4a35-b9d4-c2ee2edf6229

4、创建实例

[root@cloud ~]#openstack server create --image cirros --flavor m1.tiny --key-name default--nic net-id=51ec6ecc-896f-495b-bb97-e103d3d49a01 demo1

+-------------------------------------+----------------------------------------+

| Field                              | Value                                |

+-------------------------------------+----------------------------------------+

| OS-DCF:diskConfig                  |MANUAL                               |

| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone         |                                       |

| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:host               | None                                 |

|OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hypervisor_hostname | None                                 |

| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:instance_name       |                                       |

| OS-EXT-STS:power_state             | NOSTATE                               |

| OS-EXT-STS:task_state              | scheduling                            |

| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                | building                              |

| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at             | None                                 |

| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at           | None                                 |

| accessIPv4                         |                                       |

| accessIPv6                         |                                       |

| addresses                          |                                       |

| adminPass                          | B46TZFkwsJ7w                          |

| config_drive                       |                                      |

| created                            | 2017-06-13T03:48:13Z                  |

| flavor                             | m1.tiny (1)                           |

| hostId                             |                                       |

| id                                |eabed65d-d2a7-4e6b-b5b5-fab7f3f0dcc8   |

| image                              | cirros (301cd776-a178-40ee-805c-       |

|                                   | 7b3998f33869)                         |

| key_name                           | default                               |

| name                               | demo1                                |

| progress                           | 0                                     |

| project_id                         | 4e79773819ff4f779802bceb4e7bf58a       |

| properties                         |                                       |

| security_groups                    | name='default'                        |

| status                             | BUILD                                |

| updated                            | 2017-06-13T03:48:13Z                  |

| user_id                            | 057a81efc7914639ba8e84672dffd4fd       |

| volumes_attached                   |                                      |

+-------------------------------------+----------------------------------------+

5、查看web界面,如下: 图片.png

至此,利用命令行创建vm完毕。 ———————————————— 版权声明:本文为CSDN博主「mianmiangundong」的原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接及本声明。 原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/yasyal515/article/details/75212774

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